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Here we will group advice and some guidelines for new users on how to write posts, behave properly and interact with other users.

If you wish to use this guide on another SE site, you can, but please let us know and remember to give attribution!

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Some points I'd thought I'd add:

The guideline of not being aggressive might be argued for slightly differently. Some posters may actually enjoy an attack--counterattack style of discourse, but aggressive writing will repel most site participants, and in general tends to drive female participants away from participating. If you take issue with another member's comments, voice your dissent in a way that showcases your tactfulness.

For citations, we should emphasize that citations are suggested especially when potentially unfamiliar or non-standard terminology is employed. Since it is not possible to anticipate which terms will be unfamiliar to readers, it is appreciated if the OP will edit the post on request to include citations for highly specialized or non-standard terms.

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  • Thanks for contributing! :) The aggressiveness part is that you shouldn't be harsh/insulting/et similia, but certainly people shouldn't be afraid of discussing other users' answers! :D I'll try to improve the wording. – Alenanno Mar 4 '12 at 15:34
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re: attacks

On this website, attacks are done by proxy. Instead of saying, "That idea sounds, wrong, here are some reasons why" people instead say "so and so (Chomsky, Daniel Everett, K. David Harrison, Ruhlen) is a crackpot". [Not saying crackpots don't exist, just saying a lot of flaming of people with Ph.d's going on] I would say attacks by proxy are just as problematic as attacking the OP, the answers, etc.

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  • What are the attacks done by proxy? – Alenanno Mar 6 '12 at 8:52
  • For example, if I say, "Certain interesting conjectures can be said about Protoworld by grouping the worlds languages into superfamilies that also happen to match up with archeological records and genetic studies." If someone responds by saying "Matthew Martin is a dilletante" that is a clear ad hominem. If they someone says that "Ruhlen is deluded dilletante and writes pure fiction" then that is what I'm calling an ad hominem attack by proxy. There might be a better phrase for it, but I can't think of it off hand. – MatthewMartin Mar 6 '12 at 14:15
  • Uhm, you mean that they use the answer to attack you indirectly? – Alenanno Mar 6 '12 at 14:16
  • Yes, that is what by proxy means. A proxy is a indirect link to something. For example, corporate proxy voting is where someone votes indirectly (by letting managers vote on behalf of shareholders). Anyhow, I hope you see my bigger point that answers in the form of "Chomsky is fraud", "No all of Chomskies detractors are frauds" isn't really helpful to the dialog and if someone's answer either supports (or detracts) from Chomsky's ideas, then calling one side or the other a bunch of frauds implies something about the person who posted an answer that is clearly in one camp or the other. – MatthewMartin Mar 6 '12 at 14:19
  • Ok, it seems reasonable! How do you suggest to add it to the existing wording? You can either propose a short wording to be added or just a re-wording of the current one. :) – Alenanno Mar 6 '12 at 14:29
  • "Answers and questions that turn on ad hominem reasoning is more likely to lead to unproductive arguments, even if the individuals being attacked are other scholars not involved in the question." Or reword the current to include "other scholars" in the list of people who shouldn't be disparaged. – MatthewMartin Mar 7 '12 at 21:04
  • And as for the flamewar I found myself in yesterday, I was calling out someone for making ad hominem attacks who subsequently went ape-s$!+ with ad hominem attacks towards me. Ad hominem arguments, regardless of the target, just don't seem to bring about peace, love and understanding. – MatthewMartin Mar 7 '12 at 21:07
  • Matthew, whenever you see bad things going on, feel free to flag for moderator attention. We'll take care of it as soon as possible. If you see it's just some blatant trolling (and not simply some annoyed user, which can happen), don't bother to respond. Flag it, and we'll do what needs to be done. :) – Alenanno Mar 7 '12 at 21:11
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First of all, consider looking at these links:

Always include context, details, background. There is a question body so you can elaborate on the "title/question" in order to be more specific and clear about what you're asking. Providing info, not only reduces the risk of down-voting or close-voting, but it also improves the chances of having a proper answer. The better the question, the better the answers!

Write appropriately and use the correct formatting. This means use capitals letters and punctuation when it's required, also use the blockquotes for quotes and not the code-field, which exists to write code. Avoid slang or colloquial expressions as much as possible. A well-written question/answer is one of the steps of attracting better answers or upvotes too. Also, avoid writing a huge single paragraph. Five small paragraphs are more readable than a huge single one.

Avoid writing links like "this" or "here". This is not a strict rule, but it gives people the chance to know what they are going to visit, or if it's a site/pdf/image. For example you might choose a wording where the text-link is the title of the document you're linking; it's also useful if you specify when it's an image, for those who have slow connections.

If possible, include a reference. StackExchange sites are about definite, objective answers and not about opinions, (that's why we have the "subjective question" close-vote), so providing reference, you're assuring the OP and the readers that what you say is true and backed up.

Avoid one-line answers. It might be correct, but an answer made by a single sentence is not that informative. A bit of elaboration is very useful for the reader and for the visitors. Don't worry about being "long": every information you think that can be useful for the others to know will always be accepted.

Be kind to other users. If you're writing a question, remember that you're asking to be helped, so make sure to show your appreciation to the ones who answer by being kind. If you're answering, instead, don't attack the OP and don't be aggressive; this doesn't mean you can't question/challenge other answers or the question. The point is that being tactful would help to face the discussion in a smoother and better way. It won't bring any good to the site to just attack other people, especially being personal. Like they say "treat others as you wish to be treated".

Citations. When you cite a paper/article, don't just post a raw link. Please provide the title and the author(s). For example: "Title" by [author]. You get the idea. Providing citation is also useful in case the subject is not widely known. But we encourage citations regardless of the subject being famous.

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  • This answer has been accepted since it is considered the official one. You can contribute directly or post an answer proposing new additions. :) – Alenanno Apr 29 '12 at 0:35

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