https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/q/12287/5306 and https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/q/12279/5306 were closed because it is claimed:
Language-specific grammar and usage questions are off-topic unless primarily concerned with linguistics rather than usage. ...
How are they language-specific? For instance, both the gerund and subjunctive figure in English and French and Spanish and many other languages, but differently and disparately in each.
I intended my questions to apply in general.